Mahakali Treaty between India and Nepal: the Major Points. The Mahakali treaty was signed in February 1996 between then Nepali PM Sher Bahadur Deuba former Prime Minister of Nepal and former Indian PM PV Narasimha. This Mahakali Treaty 1996 is Valid for 72 years, reviewed every 10 years. This treaty was done as a New prospect of harnessing the Himalayan Rivers for hydropower, irrigation, and flood control which was approved by 2/3 of the majority of the Parliament of Nepal.
|Mahakali Treaty between India and Nepal signing ( Mahakali Sandhi in the Nepali language)|
- This agreement was not produced in the Parliament stating that this is just ‘understanding’ not a treaty. Later Supreme Court decided that the Tanakpur agreement was indeed a treaty and not just an understanding.
- Severe criticism from all quarters of Nepal was felt although Media inform the people of the pros and cons of the Tanakpur project.
- Koirala and Nepali Congress Party faced opposition barks as a Scathing attack to the Tanakpur agreement from street to houses. The Rostrum of the lower house was gheraoed (encircled) for more than eight hours by the UML on 28 February 1991.
- Finally, the Commission concluded that Tanakpur’s agreement was ‘all-encompassing serious and long term nature’ and recommended to ratify with a simple majority.
In conclusion, though there is controversy on the Mahakali Treaty between India and Nepal, It could be a boon for the Nepali economy and power. But due to the big country power encroachment, it has become a curse to the Nepali people regarding the treaty.