How does an electric scooter work ?

How does an electric scooter work

Have you ever wondered? electric scooter ! It is a system of parts that works together thanks to a motor-driven by an electric battery together with a voltage controller that regulates its power and speed. All this energy generated by the engine is transferred to the wheels by means of transmission systems.

Electric Scooter UK is revolutionizing mobility at all levels, not just with new car models. In fact, new alternatives related to electric transport appear every day. As an example, you have the transformation of the electric scooter from childhood and the utilities that the new and revolutionary models offer you today, thanks to electricity.

The electric scooters came to play an important role in your life, changing your way of travel and lifestyle along with the panorama of the city.

How does an electric scooter work
How does an electric scooter work

Personal mobility vehicle or VMP

The VMP  or personal mobility vehicle is the term coined by legislation for this type of vehicle. Their functionalities and benefits make them comfortable, practical, safe, and an important alternative to traffic and with a low impact on the environment.

If you want to incorporate this VMP into your life, it is essential that you know how an electric scooter works as it is composed, what its parts and its main care.

Parts of an electric scooter:

An electric scooter or scooter is a transport device that has a handlebar and two wheels, which may or may not have a saddle and which does not exceed the maximum speed of 25 km / h . The vehicle must not need a license or registration and its design must not represent a risk to citizens.

Motor

A VMP comes with an electric motor with a brush design  (like that of a drill or some other appliance). This is responsible for processing and transmitting electrical energy to the wheels. It offers high performance and little maintenance or wear problems.

Brakes

They are responsible for slowing down and stopping the vehicle. They can be of 2 types: drum and disk. These systems work on the principle of friction, brushing against a moving surface (brake disc or drum) with static when activating the system on the handlebar and stopping your vehicle.

Battery

Electric scooters incorporate one or more batteries that are responsible for storing energy for travel. These are normally rechargeable lead-acid type, have an average power of 250W, and a useful life of 500 charge cycles.

Wheels

They are literally the basis of the design of any electric scooter. The different VMP models come with 2 types of tires: those with inner tubes and those without. Tube wheels are commonly used because they provide better grip and stability thanks to their thickness of about 10 inches on average.

Tubeless wheels come in average 4-inch width, offer greater durability, and require little maintenance. The detail is that since it is not widely used in most models, it will be difficult to find spare parts.

Controller

The controller is installed on the handlebar and its function is to allow you to increase or decrease the speed of the trip.

Transmission

The transmission system is responsible for bringing the energy from the battery to the electric motor. You can find 3 modes: by a chain, by direct transmission, or by belt

Dampers

The damping system consists of coil springs that create a pillow effect making the trip in a VMP much safer and more comfortable.

Maintenance tips for an electric scooter

Maintenance is a very important task to extend the life of your electric scooter. Here are some of the most important points:

Maintenance of chain or belt transmissions, checking the tension of these systems. Tension is considered optimal when 1 centimeter of play remains when inserting the finger. You should also keep the strap or chain well-greased.

Battery maintenance: correct recharging after each use ensures performance and autonomy

Brake maintenance: A braking system in good condition protects you from falls and accidents. A detailed review and proper adjustment is necessary before each departure.

ARE ELECTRIC SCOOTERS SAFE?

To answer, if electric scooters are safe, several factors must be reviewed.

First of all, any electric vehicle in its construction is reviewed and tested to verify its correct operation.

This does not mean that accidents can happen either because of the driver or third parties.

As we talk about electric scooters, we can say that with respect to driving they are easy to maneuver and quite reliable, always carrying it with caution.

Things you have to keep in mind to make your electric scooter safe

Next, we will give you some tips and practices that you can carry out for easy maintenance.

ARE ELECTRIC SCOOTERS SAFE?

To answer, if electric scooters are safe, several factors must be reviewed.

First of all, any electric vehicle in its construction is reviewed and tested to verify its correct operation.

This does not mean that accidents can happen either because of the driver or third parties.

As we talk about electric scooters, we can say that with respect to driving they are easy to maneuver and quite reliable, always carrying it with caution.

Things you have to keep in mind to make your electric scooter safe

Next, we will give you some tips and practices that you can carry out for easy maintenance.

Cautions to take with the Batteries

The batteries that electric scooters usually carry are Lithium-Ion batteries known as 18650.

With these batteries or any type of battery, care must be taken to avoid overheating and burning.

It is important not to wash the scooter with jets of water under pressure, and if you have suffered a strong blow to the part of the battery, or when it is wet from rain, in these cases Do not Charge the Electric Scooter.

Before the explosion or fire occurs, the first thing we will notice is a good amount of smoke coming out of the scooter.

Although almost all scooters have a controller and sensors to avoid overcharging the battery, it is advisable not to leave the charger plugged into the scooter when it is already charged, since they overheat and can burn to cause a fire.

To maintain long battery life, it is advisable not to store the scooter if we are not going to use it without a battery, and always try to charge it not letting it drop below 20%.

Scooter and hoverboards batteries are currently quite safe, although we have seen that some scooters have exploded, such as the recent case, where a 20-year-old lost his life when his electric scooter exploded in an elevator.

 

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